Cambridge is short for University of Cambridge International Examinations (CIE). It offers internationally recognised qualifications in academic and vocational subjects. While the organisation behind the exams is based in the UK, the CIE curriculum is not the same as the UK national curriculum. Cambridge schools in New Zealand tend to offer the CIE curriculum in Years 11 to 13. Assessment, which is standards based, includes external end-of-year examinations and in most subjects a component of CIE moderated practical tests, oral tests, portfolio work or coursework, depending on the subject. Year 11 students usually study for IGCSE qualifications in four to seven subjects.